Demography and Migration in Central and Eastern Europe
This volume aims to summarise the demographic and migration processes of nine Central and Eastern European countries (including Austria, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Slovakia and Ukraine) from the collapse of the bipolar world order until 2018. The studies analyse the issues of demography and migration together, because of the convincing argument that the complex demographic problems of the region can only be mitigated in the future through a comprehensive demographic policy that encourages childbirth, supports health preservation and builds on an effective migration policy as well. In general, Central and Eastern European countries belong to a region, where demographic prospects are less and less favourable, while there are several demographic macro processes that have influenced these countries in similar ways (but not to the same extent) during the past 28 years. The chapters in this volume also aim to answer the question of how the introduced demographic processes affect the security, as well as the security perceptions of these societies; whether the people and political elites interpreted them as security issues; and whether these countries had prepared proper plans and strategies to resolve or at least to mitigate their demographic challenges.
The work was created in commission of the National University of Public Service under the priority project PACSDOP-2.1.2-CCHOP-15-2016-00001 entitled “Public Service Development Establishing Good Governance.”